Tag Archives: baltic sea

Cross-Border Pollution: implications of nuclear waste disposal, Russia, Finland

Russian officials are going to use the planned nuclear waste repository on the site of the Sosnovy Bor nuclear power plant near the metropolis of St. Petersburg for storing miscellaneous radioactive waste.  “There is hospital equipment there, such as X-ray machines, work clothes, and cobalt cannons used in cancer treatments”, says director Oleg Bodrov of the environmental organisation Zelyonyi Mir (Green World).  Russia plans to use the cave that is to be excavated to a depth of 70 metres near the Baltic Sea shoreline for permanent storing of low- and intermediate-activity nuclear waste.  In Finland there are similar underground facilities in Loviisa and Olkiluoto, at the nuclear plants located there.  In the first instance, the Sosnovy Bor cavern will be used to store the waste that has already accumulated in the area and that has thus far been stored in temporary, somewhat dilapidated storage sheds.  In the past 50 years, around 65,000 square metres of waste has piled up on the site.  Enormous amounts of waste will come from the old Sosnovy Bor nuclear power plants once their shutdown is commenced in a couple of years’ time….

The Russian State Nuclear Energy Corporation Rosatom, under whose jurisdiction the country’s nuclear power matters fall, refused to issue a comment to Helsingin Sanomat regarding the matter.  STUK, the Finnish Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, does not as yet have precise knowledge of the stored waste.  “Russia is in the process of sending out additional information regarding the project.

Excerpt, Russia to store miscellaneous waste in nuclear waste repository at Sosnovy Bor plant near St. Petersburg, http://www.helsinginsanomat.fi, Feb. 16, 2012

Polluting the Seas, the 25 000 Nuclear Dumps of Russia

There are nearly 25,000 hazardous underwater objects containing solid radioactive waste in Russia, an emergencies ministry official said on Monday (Dec. 26, 2011).  The ministry has compiled a register of so-called sea hazards, including underwater objects in the Baltic, Barents, White, Kara, and Black Seas as well as the Sea of Okhotsk and the Sea of Japan, Oleg Kuznetsov, deputy head of special projects at the ministry’s rescue service, said.  These underwater objects include nuclear submarines that have sunk and ships with ammunition and oil products, chemicals and radioactive waste.  Their condition has been closely monitored for the past 15 years by ministry specialists.  The danger is that metal containers can eventually be eroded by sea water, resulting in the leak of hazardous substance.  Hazardous sites with solid radioactive waste sit on the sea bed mainly at a depth of 500 meters, Kuznetsov said.  Especially dangerous are reactor holds of nuclear submarines off the Novaya Zemlya Archipelago and a radio-isotope power units sunk near Sakhalin Island, he added.  “Should a major threat to the environment and people arise then the state will take effective measures to eliminate it,” he said.

Russia reports 25,000 undersea radioactive waste sites, RIA Novosti, Dec. 26, 2011